Landscape photography has an amazing ability to teleport its viewers to another place without them actually going anywhere. Anyone with a camera has the ability to take a landscape photo, but to take a truly compelling photo is an art form that can be learned. Nearly every great landscape photo will have common elements. For example, they all have some sort of framing, something to focus on in the foreground and will usually comply with the rule of thirds. Following these simple rules will help you to be able to take a great photo worth printing onto a stretched canvas.
To show the true depths of a landscape photo it is necessary to include some kind of foreground element. Without a focal point in the foreground is impossible for the viewer to distinguish different sizes and distances. This is because everything will look closer to the camera and flat. The foreground element will help your photos look much better and help prevent them from being dull and boring.
Almost anything can be used successfully to complement the foreground of your landscape photo. As you would imagine, some things work better than others. For example, you could use something like a boat sitting on a beach as a foreground element. Or perhaps something as simple as long grass with open fields as the background.
It is possible to make your photos more compelling by having a foreground that does not fit the background. As an example, you may have trees in the foreground with skyscrapers in the background.
Framing is an excellent tactic that can add something extra to your photo. This is done through the use of anything such as a window, doorway, or even trees. A great example would be something such as tree branches pointing out over the landscape or long grass bent over as a tiger moves through it. The use of framing elements will often add extra meaning to the subject at hand by creating more focus on the main point.
A common error that surfaces with framing is overcooking the focus on the framing element itself. When using this technique, be sure to focus on your main subject.
The Rule of Thirds
The rule of thirds is commonly used by amateur and professional photographers alike. Photographers who make good use of his rule will often create fantastic landscape photos. To use the rule of thirds, you need to divide the frame into three vertical and three horizontal sections. Where the lines intersect is a great place for the important parts of your photo. Generally, only one third of your photo should be horizon or foreground. The rule of thirds is quite handy for a landscape photographer as it can help them to determine how much of the photo they are actually using for each part.
Although implementing the above strategies can take some practice, they can also help you to create some absolutely stunning landscape photos. With time and practice you’ll be able to use the aforementioned strategies without even thinking about it.