1. When you are acquiring a new skill, there are always going to be questions. If you do not have any questions then you probably aren’t doing it right. Photography is no different. There are numerous how to’s concerning this field. In this article, we will point out the most common questions that are asked by beginners, experts, clients and lay persons about picture-taking and photography.

    How to adjust the aperture?

    photography tipsA beginner in photography would have questions pertaining to the elements of a camera. Aperture and its adjustment is one thing you ought to understand. Aperture is the opening of the lens. The more the lens opens, the more light passes through. The less wide it opens, the less amount of light would be allowed to pass through. Therefore, an aperture is crucial to a good photo. If you adjust the aperture appropriately, then you will be able to regulate the amount of light that passes through which will affect the photo that you take.

    How to adjust aperture for poor lights?

    It is advised that you refrain from using narrower apertures to make up for poor lighting. It is because you have to increase the amount of time for exposure while shooting to poor lighting. Therefore, it is suggested that you use wider apertures for portrait picture while regular lens apertures for poor lighting pictures.

    How to look for a professional photographer?

    This particular question applies to clients looking for expert photographers to cover special occasions. If you are also on the lookout for a professional photographer and do not know how to find the best one, you may want to look up on social media sites like Facebook and Twitter. These sites allow you to find the best photographer. There are usually pages that are created on such social sites which allow photographers to promote their services. If you are also looking for something interesting, then you might like to approach their services.

    How to decide which photographer to hire?

    Another question client consider while hiring a photographer is which one to hire. As mentioned already, there are so many in the market that it is a tedious task to pick and choose which one is the best. You can decide that by looking up the portfolios of these photographers and then deciding which is appropriate to your needs. One more thing is that their portfolio must be in accordance with the event. For instance, if you are trying to hire a photographer to cover your wedding, then the portfolio should be of a particular wedding event. This is how you will know whether the photographer can deliver what you want.

    There are a number of questions that pop up concerning photography. The ones that are addressed above are only a few. Photography requires skill. When you find yourself in the middle of nowhere, make sure to do some research on the internet because it will permit you to make the right choices.

    This article was written by Gary Klungreseth, owner and manager of a number of art related e-commerce websites including Blue Horizon Prints, the home of quality artwork in Australia.

  • Born in 1946, David Doubilet has long been regarded as one of the best underwater photographers in the world. His work is synonymous with National Geographic magazine and he has also worked for them as an essayist, building on his years of knowledge in the conservation scene.  http://www.flickr.com/photos/aczapiga/8464812087/

    As passionate about his art and his technique as he is saving the biodiversity of our oceans, Doubilet is one of the most fascinating photographers/photojournalists working today.

    Underwater photographyDoubilet acquired his fascination with the ocean at age 8, whilst on a camping trip. He claims that he was restless until his camp leader suggested that he put on a dive mask and look beneath the waves at the beach.

    He talks about this as a transformative experience and that from that day forward he knew what he wanted to with the rest of his life. He has since won awards for his photography and currently resides in upstate New York where he lives on the beach.

    Doubilet says he thinks of planet Earth as a “water planet”, and working underwater has remained an awe-inspiring and joyous experience for him even at this late stage in his career. He says his aim is to “convince the unconvinced” that the planets oceans are worth saving from the effects of climate change and overfishing.

    He has worked with practically every type of underwater animal, sometimes judiciously entering situations with potentially dangerous creatures such as tiger sharks. Doubilet has spoken of his respect for the animal and his interest in the primal fear human beings have of sharks.

    As a technical master of underwater photography, Doubilet advises using an SLR camera with a wide-angle lens, at least 14 to 15 mm wide with a fisheye and dome housing and shooting underwater. He has spoken at length about the need to pay careful attention to all aspects of the composition, so the above water and underwater shots are equally interesting, and the need to study the distortion that water adds to photography.

    For example, the water magnifies objects by around 25%. Underwater photography also possesses the added challenge of restricting changes to the film and equipment underwater–it is practically impossible to do!

    Doubilet has also spoken of the need for underwater photographers to keep dome housing clean and thereby reduce need to perform Photoshop editing on images. You can find more photography tips from him in various interviews from past years.

    Sure to inspire generations to come, Doubilet has made a name in his field alongside important figures such as Jacques Cousteau and Henry Cartier Bresson. His work will be studied by students in the future, and he remains a powerful force in the field of photography today.

    Expect to see more fascinating work by him and be enthralled by his passion and activism. To see more of his work, go to his official website at: http://www.daviddoubilet.com/. You can also see his work published in National Geographic and he is a founding member of the International League of Conservation Photographers.

  • Here is another of our photography q & a articles, we were recently asked… Is it necessary to have an SLR camera to get into photography as a hobby? This article / blog will hopefully shed some light on this question.

    An individual does not require a DSLR in order to become a good photographer. The following are a few questions for you to ask yourself to  help you decide if you need a DSLR or not.

    do i need a DSLR for photography1.) Do you need  flexibility?
    Have a look at your current point-and-shoot camera and figure out the things you don’t like about it. In case your issues are generally about  visual elements, you want less complicated, or you would like to be a better photographer, then a DSLR most likely won’t fix your issues.
    Having said that, if you’re trying to find versatility in camera settings as well as lenses, then a DSLR may be exactly what you’re searching for. A DSLR will allow you to capture instances normally difficult to do using a point-and-shoot – for example low light conditions (ISO), freezing a motion shot (shutter speed), or even creating depth-of-field (aperture).

    2.Do you really have the money to spend?
    Photography is not a low-cost hobby. A basic DSLR with kit lenses retails for around $1000, plus you need to consider the accessories you will need.  As a general rule, the better the camera, the more expensive the accessories will be.

    4.Are you prepared to take care of your camera on a regular basis?
    Compared with the point-and-shoot, a DSLR usually requires more than simply a good wipe to keep them thoroughly clean. Airborne dirt and dust can certainly enter into the image sensor each time you change the lens, leading to pictures with flaws. The DSLR usually needs regular care both from the outside as well as inside. Cleaning up the image sensor isn’t a D.I.Y project for rookies and it is generally performed by professionals at professional camera stores.

    3. Is weight and size a concern?
    A DSLR is not tiny or even light in weight which can easily hinder how along with what you would like to photograph. It may not end up being the perfect camera to use when you are on  a vacation, or at a birthday party . Should you just want to grab your DSLR for special events, it in all probability won’t turn out to be really worth it. Just buy one in the event that you’re genuinely serious about professional results to everyday items, environment and individuals.

    5. Are you determined to educate yourself about photography?
    Buying a DSLR doesn’t instantly turn you into a greater photographer. Your pictures may be more clear and sharper, however that doesn’t necessarily indicate that they are good. Becoming a great photographer {means|suggests} a continuing learning curve. From the fundamentals associated with lighting effects and composition to improving oneself with picture editing applications. Fortunately, you will find a good amount of totally free sources on the internet.

  • We are sometimes asked by our customers questions about photography such as “What Camera should a Beginner get?”, this blog will answer this question as bets as we can, obviously there are a great deal of factors to take onto account but this will be certainly help the decision making process.
    What Camera should a Beginner getTypically the final answer  is determined by your budget  along with what you would like to accomplish by using it nevertheless, opt for the very best within your budget.

    Why don’t we just forget about compact and bridge cameras , an individual looking for ways to in to photography the right way must have some type of interchangeable lens system. You just don’t have that degree of flexibility using compacts or bridge cameras regardless of how great they may be. You will enjoy simplicity yet in the long run you will need a DSLR of some sort or other.

    Ignore the brand new influx of compact system cameras for novices as well. Despite having interchangeable lenses these types of cameras seem like a good uncomplicated path straight into photography, well-crafted, compact as well as easily transportable however with the additional added bonus of having the ability to change the lens, and that is the main issue.
    Extra lenses tend to be pricey as well as minimal on choice, stay with a DSLR.

    It truly doesn’t make a difference if you go Canon or Nikon, both of them are comparable, have enormous ranges and so are supported by an array of Third party businesses as well. No matter what path you decide to go, you won’t end up being dissatisfied.

    So, exactly what to purchase? This goes back to the beginning statement, invest just as much as you are able to afford, it will help you save in the long term. In case your spending budget just extends towards the basic level DSLR plus kit lens then excellent, do it. In the event it will go even further then begin looking all the way up the varieties.

    With Nikon D3100 , you get yourself a good camera which has a pretty significant standard kit lens, however the basic level DSLR doesn’t provide the top screen with the settings on it. The D3000 never included the port to connect a wired remote of any type. If you’re able to adjust your budget a small bit more, the D5100 will make a much better buy.

    For what you would spend on a D3100, you can get a used D90.  Overall it is a much better camera and it will last you a long time. If you’re able to purchase a D5100, think about a used D7000 and won’t need to buy another camera for quite a long time..

  • We are often asked by our customers if there are any ways to unblur a photo and if so what are they, this blog endeavers to answer this question and provide a few options.

    fix a blurry photoThere are many explanations as to why your digital photographs can turn out blurry. As an example, if you are taking a photograph of a moving object, or if perhaps your camera is out of focus, or if you have an unsteady hand. Even so, blurry photographs can usually be fixed, which means you should never just presume the photo is worthless and get rid of it.
    There are many occasions when the photograph shows up blurry due to the fact what you are shooting was moving quickly or due to the camera shaking or moving. Whenever that happens trying to clear out the blur or trying to just sharpen the image is certainly worth a try. You can find several different software programs that can help with editing your photographs. Some like Photoshop can help to make an image that is blurry or slightly out of focus, sharper and more clear. There are also some free software programs, but you may want to keep in mind that the free ones won’t give you as many options for editing.

    Typically, most software programs work pretty much the same as far as editing, so let’s use Photoshop as an example. The program is fairly uncomplicated and takes only five steps to complete.

    The first thing you need to do is open the image editing program you are going to use, in this Photoshop.
    Once the program is open you need to find the photograph you want to fix and open it from inside the editing program.  Usually, there is a tool bar and you simply need to click on ‘file’ and then select ‘Open’ then pull up the photograph and then open it.

    Select the option to “Sharpen” the photograph. This option will probably be shown in the “Effects” area. Even so, the precise area of the Sharpen function will be different based on which software program you’re using.

    Look at the photograph to make certain all the blur is taken away. In the event the photograph continues to be just a little blurry, continue to keep clicking on the “Sharpen” function until such time as all the blur has disappeared.

    Then you need to Save the photograph. If you wish to write over the original photograph, click on “File” and after that select “Save.” Otherwise, if you would like to keep your original, simply click “File,” select “Save As,” provide the photograph with a brand new name and then press “OK.

    On-line Software programs
    Look for a internet site that provides totally free on-line photo-editing software applications. A good example of websites you might use include things like Picnik, LunaPic, FotoFlexer as well as PhotoShop (never to be mistaken for the program manufactured by Adobe). Based upon the internet site you choose, it might be required to become a member of the site.

    Log directly into your own user account (when appropriate). Simply click “Upload.” Search through your personal computer files to choose the photograph and upload it on the online host.

    Choose the option to “Sharpen” the photograph. Even though the sharpen method will probably be placed in the “Effects” area, the precise location may vary by internet site.

    Look at your photograph to make certain all of the blur is taken away. In the event that blur remains, continue to keep clicking on “Sharpen” until such time as all the blur has disappeared.

    Simply click “Save” in order to save the photograph. In some instances, the photograph is going to be saved on the website’s on-line server. In any other case, the actual edited photograph is going to be saved on your personal computer’s hard disk drive

    The most prevalent explanations for why a photograph is blurry, is movement of the camera as a result of user’s hands moving, the malfunction of the camera to completely focus properly or even sluggish shutter speeds. Blurry photographs can usually be avoided if you make use of a tripod and let the camera to lock in the image before pushing the shutter control key.

  • Well, I think this answer can be addressed technically of course but first lets approach it from a personal standpoint.   First, the IPhone 5 has a larger screen but still an 8-megapixel camera This version does have,  a new sapphire-crystal lens, and improved hardware enabling features like dynamic low-lighting adjustment, image stabilization It’s on the 1080p video camera, and the capability to take still shots while shooting video.

    The  other advantage include  is fact that  it is carried wherever we go, have all the pictures we ever took on it in our pocket, and of course can share (or bore others to death) instantaneously with a click of send or upload.  Recently we went to a wildlife park with both our Iphone and our DLSR and I have to say when looking at the pictures side by side, they were pretty even in quality.  I noticed the shutter was quicker vs. my 4  and although they haven’t upgraded their megapixels, I was pleased with the end result.

    Another upgraded feature was the u quality of the low lit pics where I failed to use my flash– not camera quality but nicer.  I have to say the one area where the Iphone will always trump the DLSR is that  I don’t have to schlep it with me, I don’t have to worry if I brought the lens, are the batteries working, did I empty the card and who is going to carry it all day.  Even a small thing as the noise factor of a camera working is a nice element of the Iphone.  At the end of the day, an Iphone is just that – it’s a phone with features, not first and foremost a camera.

    Professionals and amateur photographers alike I think will still lean towards a DLSR and who can blame them.  A dedicated camera will never compare to device that’s full of other features. Lets face it, a phone will never perform in low light conditions the way the DLSR will.  It also doesn’t need a flash to capture images like the Iphone will and it doesn’t, in most cases, require a flash.  Also you can set your focus point, have greater control over exposer and what it is exactly you want to pinpoint as the feature in your shot.  Also, you can only manipulate a JPEG so much whereas an actual photo has endless possibilities and allows the photographer manipulate and edit the picture make a statement if he so wishes.

    Both have pros and cons of course, so it come down to one question – Do you want ease and convenience or do you want to work a little harder to achieve quality?

     

  • There is a famous saying for photographers, “shoot what feels good”. Every individual has his personal taste, but it is important to recognise some basic elements of photography that would appeal to larger audiences.

    Understanding how to compose a photograph will enable you to develop more successful shots that can at least assurance a good photograph initially, if not a masterpiece.

    manhattan canvas printHitting the Right Notes of a Good Picture:

    Search online for the best pictures taken at the photography contests and learn from the winners. The images are filled with such intricate details captured by a mere camera that are even invisible to the naked eye.

    Now think about how you take a picture and compare. Professionals make the use of best composition principles to present it at its best. You are not required to follow all the rules. Apply a few to put each element in its place and craft better images.

    Tips to Improve Composition in Your Photos:

    Good composition is the understanding of what is the most important aspect in your image and will therefore enhance your photographic work. To consider the composition of your work perfectly, here are some steps to follow:

    Tip One: Identify the Object

    When you get behind the camera, you need to keep in mind what is the point of interest in the frame. Images usually lack the element of interest. Therefore, when you compose your picture, figure out the viable subject.

    Tip Two: Follow the Rule of Thirds

    One of the simpler rules of composition in photography is to divide a frame into thirds, vertically and horizontally (so it parts into nine squares). This technique will work effectively especially if you are trying to bring out the best from landscape shot. The upper and lower horizontal lines can capture the portrait shot at its best.

    Tip Three: Use of Back and Foregrounds

    Another important subject matter of your photographs is how you are handling the backdrop and front views. A good background is one which will help to bring out the subject and a clean foreground will bring context to the image.

    Editing Can Help to Enhance Image Composition:

    Most of the images that you take have plenty of compositional errors. You cannot always fix them with your camera. Photo editing tools are there to help you bring out a better image composition and correct the smallest errors.

    Image clipping is a simple way to make your photo more captivating and ready for the viewers. Crop out the distracting objects from the images to make bigger impact.

    Avoid giving your subject the horrible horns, use color correction and enhancement tools to smudge high intensity backdrops.

    Similarly retouching is essential for most of the amateur shutterbugs bring out the tone of the image, as well as put more detail on the subjects. Creative touch up can help create a stronger image overall.

    Lastly, with just a few simple rules you are on your way to capture the “wowing” factor in the clicks.

    Blue Horizon Prints has more than 500 beautiful art prints available from Banksy prints to stunning panoramics.

     

  • Digital technology has brought with it many advantages to photography. It is much easier to capture the perfect photo without worrying about how many more shots you can take. This does present a small issue. Only having the images confined to the computer just isn’t good enough.

    Whether it’s personal photos or for a client, we often want the best of our work as a physical print to display proudly in a photo frame or album. Now the solution isn’t as simple as clicking on the print button. You should prepare the photographs for print to get the best results.

    Monitor Calibration

    Before you do any kind of editing work, make sure you calibrate your computer monitor. This is an essential step to guarantee the colours you see on the screen will accurately translate when printing. There are hardware and software tools you can purchase to achieve accurate monitor calibration. Companies such as Datacolor and X-Rite make a range of display calibration devices to meet the needs of photography enthusiasts and professionals.

    With your monitor fully calibrated, you should also set up the right environment before you get to work on the images. Ensure there is sufficient lighting when viewing and editing any photos. If you are sending your photos to a lab for printing, ask them for advice on the colour profile you should be using.

    Photo Editing

    For most photos, no matter how perfectly you took the shot, some light editing will help improve the final print version. Some basic options to consider are the image size, resolution, file type and colour spacing. Image resolution is best left at the default value to retain as much of the detail as possible. Though, you may need to slightly crop an image to have the correct aspect ratio for printing on your chosen paper size.

    Sharpening the image can also improve the final look of the art print. This should be done as the last step in the editing process. But don’t forget to zoom in to 100% to accurately see the results. Adjust the sharpening effect until you are happy with the final result.

    Some labs will also provide a soft-proofing profile. This allows you to see exactly what the image will look like once the lab prints it. Check the guidelines of the printing lab to make sure you give them correctly formatted images before uploading the files.

    Test Printing

    You’ve done all the hard work, but there’s one last thing to do before sending all the photos for printing. Any reputable lab will send you a few sample prints for free so you can check the final look of the prints. The last thing you want is to have a large number of photos printed, and then to notice a small problem that could have easily been fixed. This will also let you see what the different types of paper are like, before choosing one for the final printing.

    With just a little planning and preparation, you can make sure you get perfect looking photograph prints every single time.

    This is a post by Jamie from Digital Exposure whom specializes in product photography for advertising and commercial purposes.

  • Some colours just launch themselves out of a photograph than others. The most powerful of all the hues is without a doubt red. Just a tiny splash of crimson in an image is enough to draw the eye. Using this trick to your advantage can have strong results. A red object such as a rose in the foreground of your composition can transform an otherwise uninspiring photograph into a great one.

    Red Poppy Field

    Red Poppy Field

    Others colours that are capable of this same effect are yellows and pinks. Often a subject works well in photographs because of the use of these vivid hues. Often an identical object in a more neutral colour will leave the image looking very ordinary and without a central feature.

    Luckily a photographer can deliberately seek out these colours and use them to create a composition. Even if it’s as simple as asking a model you are photographing to wear a pink scarf as opposed to a blue one.  Seek red objects to add to an image instead of a grey. Used well, this trick can add a strong focal point to your picture however you have to be careful to avoid detracting from the main focus of the shot if the focus is not the red/pink/yellow feature.

    This same rule works well when selecting a photograph to display such as print on canvas, or if you are buying artwork. You might experiment with a series of three images for example, with one being red and the other two less striking colours. The two, less vibrant panels will lead the eye to the central image causing a striking and memorable overall effect.

    Just as some colours, such as reds and yellows scream out to be noticed, others tend to recede into the distance. Blues and greens, for example, often appear to blend into the background.  Combining colours from these dominant and recessive groups can be a powerful way of adding more depth and drama to your pictures.

    Choosing Pairs of colours to create impact has to be done with care, there is always the danger that they will clash. The best effect is usually achieved by combining complementary colours. Pairing Red and Green is a potent combination, as is Orange and Blue, or purple and yellow.

    Unfortunately photographers can rarely be as fussy with the palettes as painters – it is usually simply just a case of noticing when two colours in a scene complement each other well and taking the photograph in such as way as to pair the two. The blues of the sea and the skye are often a useful backdrop as they provide a recessive, non-competing, and extensive backdrop against which to frame brightly coloured subjects.

    This article is brought o you by Blue Horizon Printing, experts in printing photographs onto canvas and transforming a good photo into a great work of art. http://bluehorizonprints.com.au .

    photos@bluehorizonprints.com.au or 1300 632 332.

  • Black & White Photography

    Amazing Eiffel Tower Paris photoThere is resurgence in the popularity of black and white photography. The crisp and clean tones with its patterns, shapes and lines appeal to many keen photographers, art lovers and home owners alike. Black and white goes back to the very origins of photography; it is honest and true to itself. No flashy jazzed up colors to get in the way and delude the eye. It’s art in all of its glory, plain and simple. From the deep dark richest blacks to the crisp clean clear whites, it tells a story that begs the eye to draw in closer and discover the real story beneath the surface.

    This is the way photography began in its true form before the invent of colour images. These prints with their moody grays and soulful off whites are a reminder of what a great print should look like. Before the gaudy mistress of colour came into the affray this is what photographers used to convey emotion and feelings. Nowadays we see a bright blue and white clouds and miss textures and emotions, light and the absence of light that this photo would have conveyed had it been in black and white.

    It has been said that there is something profoundly sexy about black and white photography that you just can’t get from colour. I firmly believe that this is true. Once you remove the color from a photo it is like stripping a scene down to the bare bones removing the layers and textures and leaving just the form.

    What exactly is Black & white photography?

    Early plates and films had limited sensitivity to longer (red) wavelengths of light and produce a certain interpretation of the subject, later films had a much more even response to colours  (panchromatic) that led to a different look altogether. The differing chemistry and manufacturing processes used by various manufacturers resulted in different films producing subtly different renditions of the same scene. These small nuances were often unique to particular manufacturers and gave great character to the finished work.

    It was however quickly discovered that adding a coloured filter in front of the lens caused a big change in the overall look of the image. An example would be that by adding a red filter to a photograph of the sky cut out some of the blue light while letting in the red component of the white light from the clouds. This resulted in the image displaying darker skies which added emphasis to the clouds giving them texture and depth. Other more complex uses of coloured filters allowed equally stunning changes to be made with the tones of human skin and flowers. Each photograph would vary depending on what film was used, what filters and where the image was developed.

    Six tips for taking great black and white photos

    Practise….  a lot!

    The art of taking a good black and white photo is to learn to see the world without colour. They have trained their mind to pick up contrast and tone while blocking out distracting colours around them. This isn’t a skill that you can pick up in a short amount of time and comes with a great deal of practice. One of the great things about digital photography is that you can take as many photos as you like then delete at will. Dont be afraid to experiment.

    Focus on the contrast

    Black & white photography is about the black, the white, and all the tones in between. The human eye is built to pick up two things: light intensity and color. When you remove the color, your eyes become much more sensitive to the intensity of the light. Our eyes naturally pick out areas of contrast; its how we determine what objects are. As a monochromatic photographer, your ultimate objective is to convey a point using shades of gray. Use contrast to demonstrate whats important and what not. Learn to seek out scenes that display signs of high contrast naturally, this way your black & white photos will be more compelling immediately.

    When processing a black & white image after it has been taken, the use of Photoshop techniques such as levels, curves, and layer blends give you a wide variety of output options. Photoshop will also let you add any filters that you would have ever dreamed if using with a camera before.

    Pay attention to the texture

    Texture is really just another form of contrast however it is perceived very differently. In reality texture is the regular or irregular (as the case maybe) pattern of shadows and highlights at various intensities. Black & white photography really lends itself to texture because colour generally adds another layer of complexity, therefore masking the most subtle textures. In black and white these distractions are stripped away. Art is all about textures and form.

    Capture the image in colour

    As mentioned earlier, many cameras allow shooting in black and white however If your camera gives you the option of shooting in color or black & white, however you should always avoid this as you are losing a great deal of what black and white photography is all about. The camera is really capturing colour, then converting it into black & white. Photoshop (or similar) can do a much better job of this colour conversion, in addition to adding a great deal more flexibility on the output of the final image. Its astonishing how different a photo can look solely based on the post-processing phase; therefore it makes sense not to limit you before the photo even makes it out of the camera.

    Use colour filters

    Black & white film photographers make use of colour filters to change the tones in their photographs. Most black and white images that you see have used filters to achieve effects such as a dark sky with puffy white clouds.

    Although decreasingly common, using a colour filter with a digital camera is perfectly acceptable and at times has definite benefits however it is no longer necessary. Digital software such as Photoshop has the ability to apply non-destructive color filters. These filters will produce the same filter effect with as click of a few buttons. Isnt technology great!

    Ben Burnes is an independent writer for Blue Horizon Printing, specialists in printing photos on canvas. Premium quality canvas prints at unbeatable prices. http://bluehorizonprints.com.au/ .

    Photos on Canvas Perth, Paddington, New Farm, West End, Mt Gravatt, Holland Park, Wishart Springwoord and Daisy Hill, Canvas prints. We deliver to all of Australia…FAST.